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Code of Recommended Standards for Bar Examiners


      determines to be reasonably necessary under the circum­       26. 	 Re-examination. An applicant who has failed to pass three
      stances to assure their fair and equal opportunity to per­          or more bar examinations may be required to complete ad­
      form on the examination.                                            ditional study prescribed by the bar examining authority,
                                                                          or to establish that the reasons for previous failures no
V. Grading Bar Examinations                                               longer exist, before being permitted to take any subsequent
                                                                          examination.
23.	 Non-Identity Grading. Each jurisdiction should establish
      procedures which assure that the identity of each applicant   VI. Administration
      in the grading process is not known to any person having
      responsibility for grading or determining whether the         27.	 Adequacy of Staff. The bar examining authority should
      applicant passes or fails until the grades of all applicants        be provided with adequate administrative and clerical
      have been finally determined.                                       staff.

24.	 Grading Process. The bar examining authority may use           28.	 Publication of Results. The bar admission authority
      the services of its members or staff or other qualified per­        should announce the numbers of applicants who have
      sons to grade answers to essay questions. If practical, all         passed and who have failed the bar examination as a whole
      answers to a particular essay question should be graded             and by law school.
      by the same person. If multiple graders are used, the bar
      examining authority should adopt procedures for the           29. 	 Periodic Studies. A thorough study should be periodically
      calibration of the graders to assure uniformity of grading          made of the results of the bar examination to determine its
      standards. The bar examining authority may adopt proce­             effectiveness, to discover defects, and to suggest possible
      dures dispensing with the grading of the answers to some            improvements in the bar examination system. Each juris­
      of the essay questions of applicants who attain high scores         diction should make the results of these studies available
      on multiple-choice questions, but no failing score should            to other jurisdictions upon request.
      be given except upon the basis of the grades of the appli­
      cant on all questions. The grading process and grade distri­  30.	 Conferences with Applicants. The bar examining author­
      butions should be periodically reviewed in order to assure          ity should make representatives available to meet with
      uniformity in grading.                                              potential applicants upon invitation at least once each year
                                                                          at each of the law schools in the jurisdiction. Such repre­
25.	 Rights of Failing Applicants. The decision of the bar ex­            sentatives should be prepared to discuss general purposes,
      amining authority as to whether an applicant has passed             policies, and procedures of the examination.
      or failed a bar examination should be final. An applicant
      who fails a bar examination should have the right, within     31.	 Committee on Cooperation. Each jurisdiction should
      a reasonable period of time after announcement of the re­           have an active committee on cooperation, consisting of
      sults of the examination, to see the applicant’s answers to         representatives of the bar examining authority, the law
      the essay questions and the grades assigned thereto, and to         schools, the judiciary, and the bar, which meets at least an­
      compare each of these answers with an approved answer.              nually to consider issues relating to legal education, eligibil­
                                                                          ity, and admission to the bar.

x Comprehensive Guide to Bar Admission Requirements 2017
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