Jurisdictions Requiring the MPRE
Select a jurisdiction for a summary of bar admission information specific to that jurisdiction and contact information for its bar admission agency.
The Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination (MPRE), developed by NCBE, is a two-hour, 60-question multiple-choice examination that is administered three times per year. It is required for admission to the bars of all but three U.S. jurisdictions. (Maryland will begin requiring the MPRE effective March 1, 2019. Wisconsin and Puerto Rico currently do not require the MPRE.) (In addition, Connecticut and New Jersey accept successful completion of a law school course on professional responsibility in lieu of a passing score on the MPRE.) Because MPRE requirements vary from one jurisdiction to another, examinees are advised to check with the bar admission agency in the jurisdiction to which they seek admission before registering for the MPRE. Passing scores are established by each jurisdiction.
The purpose of the MPRE is to measure examinees' knowledge and understanding of established standards related to the professional conduct of lawyers.The MPRE is not a test to determine an individual’s personal ethical values. Lawyers serve in many capacities: for example, as judges, advocates, counselors, and in other roles. The law governing the conduct of lawyers in these roles is applied in disciplinary and bar admission procedures, and by courts in dealing with issues of appearance, representation, privilege, disqualification, and contempt or other censure, and in lawsuits seeking to establish liability for malpractice and other civil or criminal wrongs committed by a lawyer while acting in a professional capacity.