General MPRE FAQs
Which jurisdictions require the MPRE?
Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Guam, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Mariana Islands, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Palau, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virgin Islands, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wyoming.
Examinees are advised to contact the jurisdiction to which they seek admission for the most current information.
Who do I contact with questions about the MPRE?
Registration and Administration: Law School Admission Council, Phone: 215-504-3886 (telephone staff assist hearing-impaired registrants via relay calls), Fax: 215-968-1277, E-mail: MPREinfo@lsac.org
MPRE Score Services: National Conference of Bar Examiners, Phone: 608-280-8550, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org (Be prepared to provide examinee name, NCBE Number, birth date, and test date.)
What subjects are covered on the MPRE?
Regulation of the legal profession; the client-lawyer relationship; client confidentiality; conflict of interest; competence, legal malpractice, and other civil liability; litigation and other forms of advocacy; transactions and communications with persons other than clients; different roles of the lawyer; safekeeping funds and other property; communications about legal services; lawyers’ duties to the public and the legal system; and judicial conduct. The subject matter outline indicates the MPRE's scope of coverage and the approximate percentage of items that are included in each major area.
How is the MPRE developed?
The MPRE is developed by a drafting committee composed of recognized experts in the area of professional responsibility. Before a test question is selected for inclusion in the MPRE, it undergoes a multistage review process that occurs over the course of several years. Besides intensive review by the drafting committee and testing specialists, each test question is reviewed by other experts. All test questions must successfully pass all reviews before they are included in the MPRE. After an MPRE is administered, the statistical performance of each test question is reviewed and evaluated by content and testing experts before the questions are included in the computation of examinees' scores. This final statistical review is conducted to ensure that each test question is accurate and psychometrically sound.
How is the MPRE scored?
The MPRE scaled score is a standard score. Standard scaled scores range from 50 (low) to 150 (high). The mean (average) scaled score was established at 100, based upon the performance of the examinees who took the MPRE in March 1999. The conversion of raw scores to scaled scores involves a statistical process that adjusts for variations in the difficulty of different forms of the examination so that any particular scaled score will represent the same level of knowledge from test to test. For instance, if a test is more difficult than previous tests, then the scaled scores on that test will be adjusted upward to account for this difference. If a test is easier than previous tests, then the scaled scores on the test will be adjusted downward to account for this difference. The purpose of these adjustments is to help ensure that no examinee is unfairly penalized or rewarded for taking a more or less difficult form of the test.
What key words or phrases are included in MPRE questions?
Each question contained in the MPRE may include, among others, one of the following words or phrases:
(1) "Subject to discipline" asks whether the conduct described in the question would subject the lawyer to discipline under the provisions of the ABA Model Rules of Professional Conduct. In the case of a judge, the test question asks whether the judge would be subject to discipline under the ABA Model Code of Judicial Conduct.
(2) "May" or "proper" asks whether the conduct referred to or described in the question is professionally appropriate in that it a) would not subject the lawyer or judge to discipline; and b) is not inconsistent with the preamble, comments, or text of the ABA Model Rules of Professional Conduct or the ABA Model Code of Judicial Conduct; and c) is not inconsistent with generally accepted principles of the law of lawyering.
(3) "Subject to litigation sanction" asks whether the conduct described in the question would subject the lawyer or the lawyer’s law firm to sanction by a tribunal such as fine, fee forfeiture, disqualification, punishment for contempt, or other sanction.
(4) "Subject to disqualification" asks whether the conduct described in the question would subject the lawyer or the lawyer’s law firm to disqualification as counsel in a civil or criminal matter.
(5) "Subject to civil liability" asks whether the conduct described in the question would subject the lawyer or the lawyer’s law firm to civil liability, such as claims arising from malpractice, misrepresentation, or breach of fiduciary duty.
(6) "Subject to criminal liability" asks whether the conduct described in the question would subject the lawyer to criminal liability for participation in or for aiding and abetting criminal acts, such as prosecution for insurance or tax fraud, destruction of evidence, or obstruction of justice.
(7) When a question refers to discipline by the "bar," "state bar," or "state disciplinary authority," it refers to the appropriate agency in the jurisdiction with authority to administer the standards for admission to practice and for maintenance of professional competence and integrity. Whenever a lawyer is identified as a "certified specialist," that lawyer has been so certified by the appropriate agency in the jurisdiction in which the lawyer practices. The phrases "informed consent" and "consent after consultation" have the same meaning.
What happens if I am unable to test on the date for which I am registered?
If an applicant is unable to take the examination on the scheduled test date and wishes to reschedule, or does not attain a passing score on the MPRE and wishes to retake the exam, the applicant must complete the registration process for another scheduled examination and pay the full prescribed fee.
Who do I contact if I have a question related to my admission ticket or test center assignment?
Questions regarding admission tickets and test center assignments should be directed to LSAC at 215-504-3886 or at MPREinfo@LSAC.org.
ADA Testing Accommodations - MPRE FAQs
How do I obtain a copy of the accommodations I received on the MPRE?
If you took the MPRE prior to 2013, email your verification request to email@example.com. Include your full name, last four digits of your SSN and when you sat for the MPRE. NCBE will email an MPRE Prior Accommodations Certification to you. If you took the MPRE in 2013 or after, log in to your NCBE account and check your File Cabinet. If the Accommodations Confirmation previously posted to your File Cabinet is no longer there, send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org asking NCBE to re-post the Accommodations Confirmation.
How will I be notified of NCBE’s decision regarding my request for accommodations?
All communications from NCBE pertaining to your request will be posted to the File Cabinet in your NCBE account.
If I have diabetes, do I have to submit a request for accommodations to wear my insulin pump or to bring my blood sugar testing kit and/or glucose tablets or hard candy?
As stated in the General Instructions for Requesting Test Accommodations on the MPRE, examinees may bring certain medical aids, such as an insulin pump, into the testing room without submitting a request. Additionally, medical products are included in the list of items that may be brought into the testing room in a sealed clear plastic bag (maximum size one gallon). A blood sugar testing kit, unwrapped hard candy, and unwrapped glucose tablets qualify as medical products. For a full list of allowable items, please see MPRE Test Day Policies.
Do I have to submit a request for accommodations if I need to bring food and/or a beverage to consume during the test?
If you are requesting only to bring food and/or a beverage and are not requesting any other deviation from standard testing conditions, you do not have to submit Form 1 but you must submit a written request by email to email@example.com at least one week prior to the date of the MPRE. Additionally, you must submit a note from a medical provider stating that such items are medically necessary during the 2.5 hour check-in and exam period.
When is the deadline for submitting documentation for an accommodations request?
All medical and other supporting documentation must be submitted with Form 1: Applicant Request for Test Accommodations and must be received by NCBE by the late registration deadline for your MPRE test date. Anything received after the deadline will not be reviewed. There are no exceptions.
Who should I contact if I have questions about how to request ADA accommodations for the MPRE?
If I receive accommodations for the MPRE, will I automatically receive the same accommodations for the bar examination?
The bar examination is separate and distinct from the MPRE. NCBE is not responsible for administering state bar examinations or determining the criteria for accommodations for state bar examinations. You should contact the jurisdiction in which you plan to take the bar exam to find out what you need to do to request accommodations.
If my request for accommodations is not granted, how do I appeal NCBE’s decision?
You must submit a written request for reconsideration explaining why you disagree with the decision. Any additional supporting documentation you wish to have considered must be submitted with your written request. Requests for reconsideration must be received by NCBE by the late registration deadline. Once the deadline has passed, the decision is final for that MPRE test date. If you register for a future test date, you may submit additional information for reconsideration at that time.
How long will it take for NCBE to make a decision on my request for accommodations?
NCBE reviews requests for accommodations in the order received and ordinarily is able to complete its review within 10 business days of receipt. We encourage applicants to register and request accommodations early in the registration period so there is time to seek reconsideration if the request is not granted. Applicants whose requests are received less than 10 business days before the deadline run the risk of not having time to appeal if their request is denied.
What kind of medical documentation is required to support my request for accommodations?
You must provide medical documentation that establishes your current functional limitations and need for accommodations for the MPRE. Requests are reviewed on an individualized basis and all documentation is carefully considered. It is up to you and your medical professional to decide what to submit. To assist you, NCBE provides Guidelines for Documentation outlining generally the information that is typically helpful.
If my request for accommodations is not granted, may I get a refund of my test registration fee?
If you are not granted accommodations, your registration fee will not be refunded. You will be registered to take the MPRE under standard test conditions. Registration fees are nonrefundable, even if you decide not to take the MPRE.
What do I have to submit if I was granted accommodations for a prior MPRE test date but now I need to take the exam again?
You must submit Form 1: Applicant Request for Test Accommodations each time you register for the MPRE. If you are requesting EXACTLY THE SAME accommodations as were approved previously and your condition has not changed, you do not need to submit new medical documentation. You do not need to resubmit supporting documentation that was submitted with your earlier request if it was submitted within the preceding two years and you did not earn a passing score. (A score of 86 or higher meets every jurisdiction’s minimum score requirement for the MPRE and therefore is considered “passing” for this purpose only.)
New medical documentation that supplements or updates prior medical documentation is required if there is ANY change in the accommodations you are requesting. NOTE: NCBE reserves the right to request that you provide updated documentation if it determines that the prior documentation is insufficient to establish your current level of impairment and need for accommodations.
MPRE Score Services FAQs
How do I request score services from NCBE?
How can I request MPRE score services if I did not have an NCBE account when I sat for the exam?
If you did not have an NCBE account when you sat for the exam, create an account to request score services. We will locate your score using other pieces of biographic information. You must have provided sufficient biographic information on your answer sheet at the time you tested. NCBE may refuse to provide score services if your scores cannot be identified with confidence.
How can I request that my answer sheet be rechecked?
Examinees who would like the scoring of their MPRE answer sheets rechecked by hand may request a score verification. Score verification requests must be submitted to NCBE within two months of the original test date. All MPRE score services requests must be submitted through the examinee’s NCBE account.
How can I have my MPRE score reported to jurisdictions?
NCBE reports MPRE scores to the jurisdiction designated by the examinee in registration for the MPRE approximately five weeks after the examination. Examinees who would like to have their MPRE scores sent to other jurisdictions must submit a request to NCBE for a score report. All MPRE score services requests must be submitted through the examinee’s NCBE account.
When will MPRE scores be released?
MPRE scores will be released to examinees in the File Cabinet of their NCBE accounts approximately five weeks after the examination.
Did I receive a passing score on the MPRE?
Each jurisdiction determines its own passing score on the MPRE. Any questions about admission requirements pertaining to MPRE scores should be directed to the bar admission agency in the jurisdiction to which an examinee is applying. Contact information for jurisdictions can be found in the Bar Admission Office Directory on the home page.
- Introduction to the MPRE
- Overview of the MPRE
- Preparing for the MPRE
- Test Dates, Deadlines, and Fees
- Register for the MPRE
- ADA Testing Accommodations
- Admission Tickets and Test Centers
- MPRE Test Day Policies
- MPRE Score Services
- FAQs - MPRE